Square is the largest square in Szczecin. It was designed on a circular plan with starry avenues and streets. The square was built at the end of the 1880s on the site of Fort Wilhelm, which was demolished in 1884. The author of the square concept was James Hobrecht. It was established in the 1860s and assumed the development of Szczecin in the north-west direction. Due to the fact that the areas of the planned investment belonged to the military, the construction was completed with a delay. Before this happened, Mayor Burscher and councilor Kruhl introduced changes to the project.
They took full advantage of the projects for the reconstruction of Paris by Georges Haussmann. The resemblance to Parisian squares led to the belief that Haussmann personally designed Grunwaldzki Square. Originally, the square was called Kościelny, and later Kaiser Wilhelm. The current name was given on July 15, 1945, on the 535th anniversary of the Battle of Grunwald.
According to the project, the center of the square was occupied by a round green, and the traffic of trams and cars took place in a paved circle. The traffic organization was redesigned in the 1920s. Since then, the tram line ran through the center of the square. After 1945, it was returned to the original layout, and since the 1970s trams run again through the center of the square.
From eight sides to the square there is the alley of Pope John Paul II, alley Józefa Piłsudzkiego, Generała Ludomiła Rayskiego Street and Śląska Street. The square was surrounded by representative eclectic tenement houses. In 1944, some of them were destroyed during an Allied air raid. In their place in the sixties, multi-story blocks were built. The remaining tenement houses, which also suffered in 1944, have been carefully restored.
The square is planted with preserved old trees, among which there are specimens of budleja and yew shrubs. The infrastructure installed in the nineties, especially lamps, tries to resemble that of the thirties.
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